Alfred Kubin war born in 1877 in Leitmeritz. His childhood was deeply influenced by the death of his mother and the fact that his family often moved from one place to another. He was not sure what he wanted to do in life. First he took lessons in photography. In 1898 he moved to Munich and studied at the Academy. Shortly after he quit and continued his studies as an autodidact. The young artist was impressed by the works of Ensor, Klinger, Munch and Redon. In 1902 Kubin had his first exhibition in Berlin, which wasn’t well received by the public. Nevertheless he gained two important collectors, the poet Max Dauthendey and the collector and editor Hans von Weber. With the publication of the so called “Weber-Mappe” Kubin had his break through. In spring his work was shown at an exhibition of the Secession and other exhibitions in Munich and Berlin followed. He got to know Fritz von Herzmanovsky, who became a life-long friend, and other important expressionist artists. In 1912 he started to work for the new founded “Simplicissimus”. During World War I he was interested in philosophy and psychoanalysis. In 1921 he had his first big one-man exhibition. He made a lot of lithographs, worked as a writer and illustrated journals and books. In 1955 he disposed his whole estate by will to the Republic of Austria. Alfred Kubin died in 1959 in Zwickledt. After his death his estate was divided and given to the Albertina and the Landesmuseum of Upper Austria.